142 mini-web框架-实现伪静态url

mini-web框架-实现伪静态url

readme.txt(新建)

运行方式如下:
python3 web_server.py 7890 my_web:application

web_server.py(部分更新)

import select
import time
import socket
import sys
import re
import multiprocessing

class WSGIServer(object):
    """定义一个WSGI服务器的类"""

    def __init__(self, port, documents_root, app):

        # 1\. 创建套接字
        self.server_socket = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
        # 2\. 绑定本地信息
        self.server_socket.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_REUSEADDR, 1)
        self.server_socket.bind(("", port))
        # 3\. 变为监听套接字
        self.server_socket.listen(128)

        # 设定资源文件的路径
        self.documents_root = documents_root

        # 设定web框架可以调用的函数(对象)
        self.app = app

    def run_forever(self):
        """运行服务器"""

        # 等待对方链接
        while True:
            new_socket, new_addr = self.server_socket.accept()
            # 创建一个新的进程来完成这个客户端的请求任务
            new_socket.settimeout(3)  # 3s
            new_process = multiprocessing.Process(target=self.deal_with_request, args=(new_socket,))
            new_process.start()
            new_socket.close()

    def deal_with_request(self, client_socket):
        """以长链接的方式,为这个浏览器服务器"""

        while True:
            try:
                request = client_socket.recv(1024).decode("utf-8")
            except Exception as ret:
                print("========>", ret)
                client_socket.close()
                return

            # 判断浏览器是否关闭
            if not request:
                client_socket.close()
                return

            request_lines = request.splitlines()
            for i, line in enumerate(request_lines):
                print(i, line)

            # 提取请求的文件(index.html)
            # GET /a/b/c/d/e/index.html HTTP/1.1
            ret = re.match(r"([^/]*)([^ ]+)", request_lines[0])
            if ret:
                print("正则提取数据:", ret.group(1))
                print("正则提取数据:", ret.group(2))
                file_name = ret.group(2)
                if file_name == "/":
                    file_name = "/index.html"

            # 如果不是以.html结尾的文件,都认为是普通的文件
            # 如果是.html结尾的请求,那么就让web框架进行处理
            if not file_name.endswith(".html"):  # --------- 进行了更新-------

                # 读取文件数据
                try:
                    print(self.documents_root+file_name)
                    f = open(self.documents_root+file_name, "rb")
                except:
                    response_body = "file not found, 请输入正确的url"

                    response_header = "HTTP/1.1 404 not found\r\n"
                    response_header += "Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8\r\n"
                    response_header += "Content-Length: %d\r\n" % (len(response_body))
                    response_header += "\r\n"

                    response = response_header + response_body

                    # 将header返回给浏览器
                    client_socket.send(response.encode('utf-8'))

                else:
                    content = f.read()
                    f.close()

                    response_body = content

                    response_header = "HTTP/1.1 200 OK\r\n"
                    response_header += "Content-Length: %d\r\n" % (len(response_body))
                    response_header += "\r\n"

                    # 将header返回给浏览器
                    client_socket.send(response_header.encode('utf-8') + response_body)

            # 以.py结尾的文件,就认为是浏览需要动态的页面
            else:
                # 准备一个字典,里面存放需要传递给web框架的数据
                env = dict()
                env['PATH_INFO'] = file_name  # 例如 index.py

                # 存web返回的数据
                response_body = self.app(env, self.set_response_headers)

                # 合并header和body
                response_header = "HTTP/1.1 {status}\r\n".format(status=self.headers[0])
                response_header += "Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8\r\n"
                response_header += "Content-Length: %d\r\n" % len(response_body.encode("utf-8"))
                for temp_head in self.headers[1]:
                    response_header += "{0}:{1}\r\n".format(*temp_head)

                response = response_header + "\r\n"

                response += response_body

                client_socket.send(response.encode('utf-8'))

    def set_response_headers(self, status, headers):
        """这个方法,会在 web框架中被默认调用"""
        response_header_default = [
            ("Data", time.time()),
            ("Server", "ItCast-python mini web server")
        ]

        # 将状态码/相应头信息存储起来
        # [字符串, [xxxxx, xxx2]]
        self.headers = [status, response_header_default + headers]

# 设置静态资源访问的路径
g_static_document_root = "./static"
# 设置动态资源访问的路径
g_dynamic_document_root = "./dynamic"

def main():
    """控制web服务器整体"""
    # python3 xxxx.py 7890
    if len(sys.argv) == 3:
        # 获取web服务器的port
        port = sys.argv[1]
        if port.isdigit():
            port = int(port)
        # 获取web服务器需要动态资源时,访问的web框架名字
        web_frame_module_app_name = sys.argv[2]
    else:
        print("运行方式如: python3 xxx.py 7890 my_web_frame_name:application")
        return

    print("http服务器使用的port:%s" % port)

    # 将动态路径即存放py文件的路径,添加到path中,这样python就能够找到这个路径了
    sys.path.append(g_dynamic_document_root)

    ret = re.match(r"([^:]*):(.*)", web_frame_module_app_name)
    if ret:
        # 获取模块名
        web_frame_module_name = ret.group(1)
        # 获取可以调用web框架的应用名称
        app_name = ret.group(2)

    # 导入web框架的主模块
    web_frame_module = __import__(web_frame_module_name)
    # 获取那个可以直接调用的函数(对象)
    app = getattr(web_frame_module, app_name) 

    # print(app)  # for test

    # 启动http服务器
    http_server = WSGIServer(port, g_static_document_root, app)
    # 运行http服务器
    http_server.run_forever()

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

my_web.py(部分修改)

import time
import os
import re

template_root = "./templates"

# 用来存放url路由映射
# url_route = {
#   "/index.py":index_func,
#   "/center.py":center_func
# }
g_url_route = dict()

def route(url):
    def func1(func):
        # 添加键值对,key是需要访问的url,value是当这个url需要访问的时候,需要调用的函数引用
        g_url_route[url]=func
        def func2(file_name):
            return func(file_name)
        return func2
    return func1

@route("/index.html")  # ------- 修改------
def index(file_name):
    """返回index.html需要的页面内容"""
    # return "hahha" + os.getcwd()  # for test 路径问题
    try:
        file_name = file_name.replace(".py", ".html")
        f = open(template_root + file_name)
    except Exception as ret:
        return "%s" % ret
    else:
        content = f.read()
        f.close()

        data_from_mysql = "暂时没有数据,请等待学习mysql吧,学习完mysql之后,这里就可以放入mysql查询到的数据了"
        content = re.sub(r"\{%content%\}", data_from_mysql, content)

        return content

@route("/center.html")  # ------- 修改------
def center(file_name):
    """返回center.html需要的页面内容"""
    # return "hahha" + os.getcwd()  # for test 路径问题
    try:
        file_name = file_name.replace(".py", ".html")
        f = open(template_root + file_name)
    except Exception as ret:
        return "%s" % ret
    else:
        content = f.read()
        f.close()

        data_from_mysql = "暂时没有数据,,,,~~~~(>_<)~~~~ "
        content = re.sub(r"\{%content%\}", data_from_mysql, content)

        return content

def application(environ, start_response):
    status = '200 OK'
    response_headers = [('Content-Type', 'text/html')]
    start_response(status, response_headers)

    file_name = environ['PATH_INFO']
    try:
        return g_url_route[file_name](file_name)
    except Exception as ret:
        return "%s" % ret
    else:
        return str(environ) + '-----404--->%s\n'

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Last modification:November 6th, 2018 at 09:35 pm

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